Hanguk is the the Korean name for South Korea.

For anyone who wants to know about Korea, this page will have simple and informational updates.

Gam-Sa-Ham-Ni-Da! _ Thank you! 

In Korea, Japanese colonial era is from 29 August 1910 to 15 August 1945 for 35 years.


1st March 1919.

33 Independence activists signed the declaration of independence.

33 Independence activists

Independence activist copied the declaration of independence and then spread around Choseon(Korea).

This declaration of independence was read by independence activist Jung Jaeyong in Tapgol park in Seoul. This is start of Samil Independence movement.

This movement spread to all around Choseon(Korea) and Tokyo, Philadelphia, Manjuria, Yunhaju.

Lots of Korean participate this movement around Choseon and then around 7,509 Koreans died and 15,161 Koreans were injured.

△ Independence movement in Choseon(Korea). It is called Samil movement
It was nonviolence movement. Koreans shouted "Daehan Doklib Manse" it means "Indepence Choseon,hooray!" 
while holding Taegukki, Korean flag.

The declaration of independence.


We hereby declare that Chosun, our homeland, be an independent state, and that we the Chosun people be a self-governed people. With this being declared onto the whole world, we are illuminating the great cause of human equality; and with this being enlightened to our posterity, we are perpetuating the legitimate right of our national self-determination.


Based on our prestige of the five-thousand-year history, we are declaring this. Based on the united loyalty of twenty-million people, we are pronouncing this. Based on our aspiration for the development of everlasting liberty, we are advocating this. Based on our eagerness, solely due to a manifestation of humanitarian conscience, of adapting and keeping abreast with the great movement of world reconstruction, we are proposing this. This is solely in accordance with the solemn charge of Nature, the current international trend, and the lawful invocation of the right for the co-existence and co-prosperity; hence from this, no one or no thing shall prevent us or refrain us.


As one decade has already passed since we suffered from the severe anguish for the first time in the thousands of years of history, damaged by the obsolete holdover of the past such as the authoritarianism or the imperialism of other nations, there can be no estimating how much our right for existence has been divested; how greatly our spiritual growth has been deterred; how deeply our national prestigious prosperity has been marred; and how often our chances have been deprived of to contribute, taking advantage of our people's novelty and originality, to the great shifting tides of international culture and civilization.


Alas! In order to disseminate our victimization in the past; in order to unburden our sufferings of the present; in order to remove the intimidation of the future; in order to expand and extend the ethnic conscience and national dignity that are now under the affliction of suppression and demolition; in order to exercise the bestowed right of individual growth; in order not to hand down the disgraceful legacy to our descendants; and in order to induce the permanent wellbeing to our offsprings, the most urgent task we should tackle is to insure our national independence. Today, when each of us twenty-million people carries the definite dagger of resolution within each heart, and when both the common human nature and the conscience of the times are supporting us with the army of justice and the armor of humanity, we are now proceeding to assume, hence no strength we cannot destroy; we are retrieving to resume, hence no purpose we cannot accomplish.


We have no slight intention for now to reprimand the Japanese infidelity of having violated their numerous golden and solemn pledges since the Byeongja Treaty of Amity in 1876. Again, we have no slight intention for now to reproach the Japanese unrighteous debasement of having disdained, with the conqueror's lust for pleasure, both the long-cherished foundation of our society and the proud spirit of our nation, by their maltreating us tender-natured people only as puppets, and by colonizing our historic achievements on this land into their belongings, through the mouths of their scholars on the platform and by the hands of their politicians in the political plateau. As it is more urgent now for us to encourage ourselves, we are far from affording to harbor a grudge against others. As it is more urgent for us to sew up the torn patch of the present situation, we are far from affording to charge others for the past misdeeds.


Our obligation today, then, consists only in the construction for ourselves, not in the destruction of others; only in the exploration of a new horizon of ourselves according to the stern command of conscience, not in the incompatibility with others in terms of the past day's rancor or the momentary impulse. In accordance with these, we are attempting the revision and betterment of the unnatural and irrational illusions and fallacies that the Japanese politicians, who were enslaved by futile glory and fame, committed by dint of anachronistic scheme or power, with the consequence of their infamous demand for irreparable sacrifice on us. Thus we can lead them to the natural and rational path of righteousness they should follow.


Here we must take into consideration the present absurd reality that has resulted from the two countries' affiliation that Japan committed without our national agreement at the outset, the consequence of which has increased, under the temporary suppression, discriminative inequality, and mere display of the statistic figures, nothing but the deep-rooted grudge between the peoples of the two countries. Too clear is the fact that it is the quickest way of avoiding misfortune and inducing happiness for both countries to radically amend the previous fallacies, and to find a favorable solution to the present situation through genuine mutual understanding and sympathy.


In addition, the forceful suppression on our twenty-million people's mortification and rancor will not only hinder the everlasting peace of the East; but also this will deepen the fear against, and the suspicion on, Japan in the mind of the four hundred million Chinese people, who are taking the lead in securing a stable peace in Asia, without which the tragic phase of global destruction in the whole of the East Asia will clearly be brought about. Today, we are sure that the independence of Chosun will not only enable our people to maintain a legitimate existence and prosperity; it will also force the Japanese people to abandon this wicked attempt and to play their own fair role in Asia; it will also allow the Chinese people to free themselves from the anxiety and fear that have always haunted them - waking or sleeping; finally, it will also make Asian peace a necessary and required step to peace and happiness all over the world. Who could argue that this is only a meticulous issue of emotion?


Behold! The new horizon is stretching before our eyes! The era of ill power has gone and the days of virtuous justice have arrived. Right now the humanitarian spirit that has been refined and nurtured during the previous centuries is just beginning to shed a new hopeful light of civilization upon history. And now a new spring has appeared to the whole world to encourage every living thing to stir up to life again. If the shrinkage of the breath from the cold ice and snow was yesterday's languor, then the rejuvenation of the spirit with the warm light and breeze is today's ardor. Faced with the resurrection of the whole of creation, and riding on the waves of the international tides of reconstruction, we have nothing to hesitate about, and we have nothing to refrain from. We will take delight in protecting our proper right for freedom and we will take pleasure in blessing our vigorous life to the full. We will manifest our rich creativity and fasten the spiritual core of our country to the entire blooming world.


Our people hereby are bracing ourselves up for action. Conscience is taking up our cause and truth is marching forward with us. Man and woman, young and old, we will vigorously rise, together with all creations vividly stirring on the earth, from the dark and old nest in order to achieve the pleasant revitalization, With all the noble spirits of our ancestors through centuries encouraging us within, and with all the power of the world protecting us without, we proceed with a firm belief that commencement will surely lead to success. Here we have nothing to do but to march strenuously on and on with the gleaming future waiting ahead for us!



Our Three Common Pledges


(1) Our action today is solely a national claim for righteousness, for humanity, for existence, and for prosperity. Thus no one of us shall deviate in incompatible feelings but shall manifest our liberal spirit to the fullest.


(2) To the last man and to the last moment, we shall express our legitimate ideas as freely as we can.


(3) All of our action shall respect ordinance above anything else, so that our maintenance and attitude to the last moment may always be rightful and unambiguous.



Today, photos in Tapgol park the place to celebrate Samil independence movement.

△In front of Tapgol park. Samilmun



△ The old man wears Korean traditional clothes.
    Long time ago, we were called BaekiMinjok. It means the people who wear white cloth.

△ Korean children are holding Korean flag Taegukki.
   Do they know, to have freedom to hold this Taegukki, how much sacrifice their ancestors made?

△ Two old people are looking at the declaration of independence.
    I was curious, what are they thinking and feeling? Even if for them, 1919 is a long time ago.

Sometimes me and my firends as each other, "If we were born in the Japanese colonial era, would we participate in the Independence Movement?"
There is just an awkward mood. It is so hard to answer. Because we know how difficult it was.


Posted by 홍님-planet

Hanguk is the the Korean name for South Korea.

For anyone who wants to know about Korea, this page will have simple and informational updates.

Gam-Sa-Ham-Ni-Da! _ Thank you! 

Around the world people usually use the Solar Calendar.

But Koreans use the Solar calendar and lunar calendar.

When do Koreans use lunar calendar?

For example, It is used on “Sul”, Korean New year’s day in the lunar calendar.

This year it was 23rd Jan.

Koreans have 2 birthdays, one is their Solar birthday and another is their Lunar birthday.

We can choose one. Or parent can choose for their Children.

△ Rice and MiYuk Guk.

On the birthdays, We eat MiYuk Guk.

MiYuk is Sea mustard and Guk is the Korean word for a soup.

And after mother delivers her baby She need to eat MiYuk Guk.

It’s Korean culture.

MiYuk Guk has lots of Calcium and iodine, so it helps mother can be healthy again.


But someone who will take a exam, they normally don’t eat Miyuk Guk.

Most Koreans believe If someone eats Miyuk guk they will fail the exam. Because Miyuk is slippery and it is considered that you will kind of slip on the test.


And lastly, about age in Korea.

In Korea, from the moment you are born you are one years old. Not zero.

All Koreans born within the same year are of the same age, and then after the new year(Solar Calendar) on January 1st the age increase by one year.

For example, If the baby was born on 31st.Dec.2011. it would beone years old, and then the next day, on January 1st 2012, it would be two years old, because it is a new year.

Everyone in Korea has their age classified only by the year they were born, not by the exact date.

Every Korean born in 2012 in instantly 1 years old.

Every Korean born in 2011 in now 2 years old.

Every Korean born in 1993 is now 20 years old.

Every Korean born in 1992 in now 21 years old.

And so on.



Posted by 홍님-planet

[Hanguk] Tae-Geuk-Gi

Hanguk 2012.02.10 00:05 |
Hanguk is the the Korean name for South Korea.

For anyone who wants to know about Korea, this page will have simple and informational updates.

Gam-Sa-Ham-Ni-Da! _ Thank you! 

Korean flag,  the national flag of Korea


Taegeukgi was made in 1882, the Joseon Dynasty period.

And in 1883, It became the national flag of the Joseon Dynasty (from 1392 to 1910).

In Oct. 1949. South Korea designated Taegeukgi as its national flag.

The white background describes the Korean who loves peace. In other words, it symbolizes purity and brightness.








Taegeuk represents creativity within Korea - all things in the universe are created by yin and yang(negative and positive - taegeuk).







사괘Sa-Gwae represents the changing image of universe with harmony between yin(--) and yang(-).

Yin(--) is a broken line and Yang(-) is a connected line.

With the lines Yin and Yang, Gwae could be made.

(Sa means four and Gwae means trigram divination)

In Taegeukgi there is Sa-Gwae and it is Gun, Gon, Gam, Li.


Gun() : sky _ Justice


Gon() : earth _ plenty


Gam() : water or men _ wisdom


Li() : fire or women _ hope


Sky, Earth, water and fire (or men and women) are the fundamental elements in universe.

Korean words

Korean (Sound)  Meaning
태극기 Tae-Geuk-Gi  The Korean flag The national flag of Korea
하늘 Ha-Neul  Sky
땅 (Ddang)  Earth, Ground
물 (Mul)  Water

                            불 (Bul)




Posted by 홍님-planet

[Hanguk] won!

Hanguk 2012.02.03 22:09 |

Hanguk is the Korean name for South Korea.

For anyone who wants to know about Korea, this page will have simple and informational updates.

Gam-Sa-Ham-Ni-Da! _ Thank you! 




This is Korean money. WON!


  • Sign : \
  • Code : KRW
  • Coin : \10, \50, \100, \500
  • Bank Note : \1000, \5000, \10000, \50000 

On the Bank notes there are great people in Korean history.
Especially, on \10000 bank note, there is King Sejong who created the Korean language in 1443.


   KRW 1000  ≒  USD 0.89
                  ≒  EUR 0.68
                  ≒  GBP 0.57
  1 USD ≒  KRW 1,118
  1 EUR ≒  KRW 1,470
  1 GBP ≒  KRW 1,769 

In Korean market, the cheapest milk is almost 1400 won.
and normaly around 2000 won.
(actually in the photo, there is 1500 won)


Korean words

Korean (Sound) Meaning
한국 (Hanguk) the Korean name for South Korea
돈 (Don) money
감사합니다 (GamSaHamNiDa) Thank you
원 (won) Korean currency
Posted by 홍님-planet